Jazz and early youth development in South Africa

first_imgThis interview by Charles Leonard with music educator Mignon van Vreden was first published on The Conversation website on 15 April 2016. The popular belief is that classical music is the best tool for early childhood education. Jazz fan, music educator and lecturer Mignon van Vreden was convinced jazz would also work. So she launched a pilot project she called Bejazzled in a township preschool. She explained to The Conversation Africa’s arts and culture editor, Charles Leonard, that there was a bright future for jazz in the classroom.Why did you choose jazz?Researchers have done a lot of work on this. They’ve compared classical music to rock music to heavy metal to jazz. Some researchers came to the conclusion that it’s not really about the style of the music but the type of music, type of instruments, the tempo of the music and the different timbres. So I thought jazz could also work as well, if not better.All over the world people are using jazz for early childhood education. I really think it is evolving but it needs to be expanded in South Africa – people need to be introduced to jazz more.How did the project come about and how did it work?I did my PhD on music integration in Grade R (the South African school year in which pupils turn five), so I’ve done a lot of research and a lot of work in the field – and I’ve been inspired by generalist educators in the field who already teach a lot of music with or without training.From my research, a conceptual model evolved on ways to integrate music – so it’s not so much about the type of music, any music could be integrated into the curriculum. Because I’m a jazz lover I thought I could just as well combine the two and see if it worked. One ofthe questions of this research is: can jazz as a genre be applied in preschool education?I know the organiser of a programme funded by the Bafenyi Trust – it is involved in about 60 schools in the local African township of Ikageng in Potchefstroom (a university town 120km west of Johannesburg). I spoke to her about this vision – to incorporate music into the schools. It includes training the teachers too, so that they can apply the training even if they don’t have any musical background. I planned a six-week cycle including different elements of jazz that I wanted to integrate.Take us into the class.It was wonderful; it was inspiring. I got there and the children were really excited – they wanted to do this. At first I asked them to sing some songs they knew and liked – they sang English songs with the teacher, then they sang Setswana songs. I then introduced myself, the teacher introduced herself and the kids introduced themselves, and I started to sing the song Fly Me to the Moon.I used my own version – just singing it to them so that they could get a better idea of what it sounded like.The kids obviously know the moon. They know what it does and how it works. We spoke about the people who landed on the moon – the Frank Sinatra version of the song was also played for the Apollo astronauts. Then they started to learn the song.I spoke in English and the teacher translated each sentence into Setswana. We started with the singing, finger snapping, hand clapping, stamping their feet, body percussion. After that dance steps – simplified versions of jazz dance moves.Later we made our own instruments – we had containers that we filled with three different things: rice, stones and sugar. So we had three different tone colours. And the kids played different jazz rhythms on these “instruments” and combined that with the singing.What are the benefits for the children?Early childhood learning should always focus on play – that is the main job of a preschooler. The best learning takes place when kids are playing. Music is a very playful aspect that they can use. It helps with musical development and with co- ordination, especially the dancing. Singing in tune develops their inner ear. Rhythms help them to count. Music enriches their lives in many ways.Jazz is also about improvisation – could you apply it in your project?In the last lesson we had a concert – the kids did all they wanted to do on the song Fly Me to the Moon in their own ways. So the improvisation came out not in the way I suspected it would, but it came out in their own way. So it was proper improvisation.What did you want to achieve with it?Seeing that it was a pilot study, I wanted to see if the project could work. It was also to equip teachers without musical training with musical knowledge and skills that they could use in their classrooms, to enrich the learners’ lives with jazz music and to introduce them to jazz.I can say the pilot study was successful in that I could go further with this project.What next?I want to build on the pilot study and find out from the teacher what worked for her, how she experienced it, what she wanted to apply – then work together with her and see where that goes. Then hopefully we can expand the project and get more teachers on board.What other jazz tunes will work when the pilot continues?Pennies from Heaven by Frank Sinatra, Herbie Hancock’s Watermelon Man and Super Duckby (music educator) Elena Cobb. Their lyrics, simpler melodies, singable rhythms and correct duration for toddlers’ attention span make these songs toddler friendly.Source: The Conversation South Africalast_img read more

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More work needed to finalize Trade Promotion Authority

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest On Friday, the U.S. House of Representatives passed legislation to advance Trade Promotion Authority (TPA).“We applaud the strong leadership that many of Ohio’s Congressional delegation showed in trying to advance TPA to open the door for new opportunities to better trade deals around the world,” said Chad Kemp, President of the Ohio Corn and Wheat Growers Association.  “With 95% of the population living outside the United States, we have to look outside our borders for opportunities if we are going to sustain American agriculture.”TPA will help set the framework between the President and Congress to advance trade agreements which ensures that American farmers remain competitive in meeting the world’s need for food, feed, fuel and fiber.“We thank Speaker Boehner and Congressman Tiberi for managing this legislation and trying to move things forward,” Kemp said. “We remain extremely disappointed that members like Congressman Jim Jordan continue to play petty politics at the expense of Ohio’s farmers. We call on Congress and the President to come together soon to finish the work on this important piece of legislation.”last_img read more

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Couple Separations: Strengthening & Resilience

first_img[1] Negrusa, S., Negrusa, B. & Hosek, J. (2013) Gone to war: have deployments increased divorces?. Journal of Population Economics, September. doi: 10.1007/s00148-013-0485-5 By Kimberly Quinn[Flickr, Soul Mates by Dr. Wendy Longo, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 23, 2015As of December 31, 2012 the Department of Defense reported a total 173 thousand military personnel currently stationed overseas. In many overseas assignments, dependents do not accompany the service member.  In addition, it reported 140 thousand service members deployed in  support of Operation New Dawn (Iraq), Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan). Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, over 2 million US military personnel have deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Early research found deployments had minimal effect on divorce rates, or even helped to decrease divorce risk. In a recently published article, Negrusa and colleagues [1] found the following outcomes related to deployment: Divorce following deployment is consistently high for both prolonged combat and non-combat deploymentsDivorce is 46% higher among military couples where there is a deployment for at least 6 months during their first 3 years of marriage Being married after 9/11 reduced the risk of divorce for those couples in which there was a deployment. Dual career couples (couples in which both members are in the military service) are more vulnerable to divorce.Female service members are more vulnerable to divorce than male service members.Researchers attribute higher risks for couples who marry prior to 9/11 to elevated danger of deployments following 9/11. They theorize that couples who married following the 9/11 attacks were better prepared for the challenges of these deployments than those who married before the conflicts began [1].Application Strategies:Professionals working with military couples can contribute to couple strengthening and family resiliency by promoting awareness of protective factors during times of separation [2]. Professionals can also assist families in meaning making activities by providing an environment where families and military personnel are able to define and explore their experience during each phase of the deployment cycle [2].  Families and service members are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of separations when deploying with the National Guard and Reserves, or with a unit other than his/her own, due to reduced community and social support [3]. Directing these and other military couples to services within their respective communities can act as a divorce prevention strategy and promote couple resilience. Furthermore, it is helpful to connect couples to Relationship Enhancement Programs or support groups provided by both  military and civilian communities. [3] Sheppard, S. C., Malatras, J. W., & Israel, A. C. (2010). The impact of deployment on U.S. military families. The American Psychologist, 65(6), 599-609. doi:10.1037/a0020332This post was written by Kimberly Quinn, University of Florida M.Ed./Ed.S. Candidate, 1LT Florida Army National Guard.  She is a member of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn. References [2] Weins, T., Boss, P. (2006). Maintaining Family Resiliency Before, During, and After Military Separation. Castro, C. A., Adler, A. B., & Britt, T. W. (2006). Military life: The psychology of serving in peace and combat. (pp. 13-38). Westport, Conn: Praeger Security International, viii, 262 pp.last_img read more

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Tral march foiled amid tensions

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FINALS REFEREES APPOINTED

first_imgAfter three days of solid refereeing performances, the National Referees Panel have made the appointments for the finals matches,  naming Dave Baggio and Kathy Sweeney as the leading male and female referees respectively. Tournament Referee Director Ian Matthew said it has been a challenging tournament for the referees, some of whom have officiated in up to four games a day. “We lost a few referee’s with injury, so that made it tough,” Matthew said.“But they’ve all come through really well I think, and have done a great job in the circumstances.”Mens Open: Dave Baggio, Keith Steel, and Adam FoleyMixed Open: Richard O’Connor, Mike Medlin, and Luke McKenzieMens 20s: Dale Lawrence, Sam Mournehis, and Greg MyersWomens Open: Nic Hollingworth, Kathy Sweeney, Annabelle ConnollyWomens 20s: Anthony Smith, Jamie Oliver,  Bill SladeMens Open Plate: Brendan Antrobus, Damien Carlson, and Bernard O’DonohueWomens Open Plate: Matt Vernon, Mark Kelly and Mark Leonard.last_img read more

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10 months agoHuddersfield boss Wagner on Southampton defeat: Not good enough

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Huddersfield boss Wagner on Southampton defeat: Not good enoughby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveHuddersfield Town boss David Wagner was unhappy with his players after defeat at home to Southampton.Saints were impressive for the 3-1 win.Wagner lamented, “The first-half was not good. For the first time in a long time we looked nervous in ball possession and did not perform. The second-half was better. Everyone was lively after the goal.”We passed too many times backwards when we had the opportunity to go forward. We were not brave enough.”Hopefully Jonathan Hogg (knee) is back next week. Losing four midfielders together is not easy, but we have belief in every squad player. That is why they are at the football club.” last_img read more

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Interview New Rules to Impact Ship Repair Market from 2019

first_imgThe new environmental regulations, such as Ballast Water Management Convention and the 2020 Sulphur Cap, which set to make great changes in the shipping industry, are expected to impact the ship repair market as well.Newport Shipping Group, a UK-registered drydocking services provider, which switched its focus from commercial ship management to drydocking services over the past two years, believes that the greatest impacts to yards would be visible in 2019 and 2020.Erol Sarikaya, CEO Newport Shipping, in an interview with World Maritime News said that today represents the lull before the storm.Erol Sarikaya, CEO Newport Shipping“Compliance with new regulations means vessels will require more days at a yard during their repair/retrofit, which combined with many owners deferring these costly decisions will increase the risk of backlogs and added days off-hire at shipyards in the years to come,” according to Sarikaya.Newport Shipping, which operates a global network of 5 yards with 13 drydocks capable of servicing 1,000 drydockings annually, recently added ship repair financing to its portfolio. This initiative would provide shipowners with an ability to stagger up to 60 pct of their drydocking payments into 12 or more monthly installments.Sarikaya explained that the main benefit the company offers is the ability to keep the majority cash otherwise earmarked for maintenance costs within the hands of shipowners.“By accepting deferred payments over 18 months, shipowners benefit by paying for these costs out of subsequent operations. This then allows owners to deploy cash towards more accretive uses such as vessel acquisitions, dividends, or providing a near term liquidity buffer.”Speaking about the yards’ key growth area today, he said that the possibility lies in retrofits as these require a higher degree of planning and coordination between shipowner, shipyard and maker towards minimizing offhire time.“Today, shipowners and technical managers are increasingly forced to do more with less. At Newport we are doing our part to work with shipowners in solving their needs whether that’s on procurement, ensuring yard slot availability for emergency needs, or providing owners with industry leading deferred payment terms to help owners see through the current weak market. Our vision is to build a global and comprehensive ship repair service directly addressing the most pressing needs of the modern shipowner,” Sarikaya said.Newport Shipping is exhibiting at this year’s Posidonia event in Greece.“We are delighted to have representatives from our yards, suppliers and specialist work teams who will join us as well, further demonstrating the value of established partnerships in providing a leading comprehensive service,” Sarikaya concluded.World Maritime News Staff; Image Courtesy: Newport Shippinglast_img read more

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Kosovo not backing out of trade war with Serbia

first_imgPRISTINA, Kosovo — Kosovo’s prime minister says a new 100 per cent tariff on Serbian imports will remain until Serbia recognizes his country’s sovereignty and stops preventing it from joining international organizations.Ramush Haradinaj said Thursday his government had to impose the tariffs because it “was left without other options” and needed to send a “message”.The European Union previously warned Kosovo that the customs tax was a violation of the Central European Free Trade agreement.However, Haradinaj said the tax was likely to stay in force “for a very long time” because Kosovo is no longer willing to accept being “denied a place at the (negotiating) table”.Kosovo seceded from Serbia in 2008 but is not recognized by Serbia. Serbia campaigned against allowing Kosovo to join Interpol, and Kosovo’s bid failed this month.The Associated Presslast_img read more

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Bluefin sold for 3 million in 1st 2019 sale at Tokyo market

first_imgTOKYO — A 612-pound (278-kilogram) bluefin tuna sold for a record 333.6 million yen ($3 million) in the first auction of 2019, after Tokyo’s famed Tsukiji market was moved to a new site on the city’s waterfront.The winning bid for the prized but threatened species at the predawn auction was more than double the 2013 annual New Year auction.It was paid by Kiyomura Corp., whose owner Kiyoshi Kimura runs the Sushi Zanmai chain. Kimura has often won the annual auction in the past.Japanese broadcaster NHK showed a beaming Kimura saying that he was surprised by the high price of tuna this year. He added: “The quality of the tuna I bought is the best.”The Associated Presslast_img

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Delhi govts DIP asks departments to remove advertisements

first_imgNew Delhi: Delhi’s publicity division DIP has asked various departments to remove advertisements funded by the government after the model code of conduct came into effect on March 10. The Directorate of Information and Publicity (DIP) has also directed the departments to form teams to inspect its premises and remove any such advertisements while asking them to maintain strict vigil in this regard. The DIP has directed heads of all the departments to ensure that such advertisements are not displayed, aired or broadcast as model code of conduct came into force with announcement of the schedule of Lok Sabha elections 2019 on March 10. Also Read – Gurdwara Bangla Sahib bans single use plastic In a letter by DIP Sandip Mishra earlier this week, the heads of department of the Delhi government have also been directed to ensure that no such advertisements are displayed at government premises. Mishra in the letter stated that if any such advertisements are on display, being aired or broadcast through radio or television channels, it should be immediately removed or discontinued. “Strict vigil is to be maintained to ensure that no such advertisement comes up during the operation of model code of conduct. “The department must constitute a team to regularly inspect its premises and remove any such advertisement,” said the letter. During the model code of conduct, no advertisement can be displayed in any newspaper, magazine, outdoor media and aired or broadcast on radio and tv channel at government expenses. The use of government premises for advertisement is also not allowed.last_img read more

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