‘THREE!’ chronicles the Warriors run to the 2018 NBA Championship.Order the book today!OAKLAND – Sometimes, Klay Thompson walked with a limp. Other times, he walked while slightly hopping on only his right leg. Other times, Thompson walked and accepted the pain.“I can’t feel my ankle,” Thompson said.Thompson kept walking anyway. He has nursed a left leg contusion ever since Cleveland guard J.R. Smith crashed into him in Game 1 of the NBA Finals, and yet Thompson kept playing in that game …
Worries about sea-level rise inundating coral atolls and islands are unfounded, thanks to coral’s rapid response to change.A team of 5 geologists from Australia and New Zealand has good news: islands and coral atolls in the South Pacific are not at risk from sea level rise as much as earlier thought. Their paper in Geology, “Coral islands defy sea-level rise over the past century: Records from a central Pacific atoll,” shows from observations over a century that corals are able to respond rapidly to sea level fluctuations—on the order of decades or centuries, not millions of years.The geological stability and existence of low-lying atoll nations is threatened by sea-level rise and climate change. Funafuti Atoll, in the tropical Pacific Ocean, has experienced some of the highest rates of sea-level rise (∼5.1 ± 0.7 mm/yr), totaling ∼0.30 ± 0.04 m over the past 60 yr. We analyzed six time slices of shoreline position over the past 118 yr at 29 islands of Funafuti Atoll to determine their physical response to recent sea-level rise. Despite the magnitude of this rise, no islands have been lost, the majority have enlarged, and there has been a 7.3% increase in net island area over the past century (A.D. 1897–2013). There is no evidence of heightened erosion over the past half-century as sea-level rise accelerated. Reef islands in Funafuti continually adjust their size, shape, and position in response to variations in boundary conditions, including storms, sediment supply, as well as sea level.While this is good news for the islanders, it is bad news for alarmists:Results suggest a more optimistic prognosis for the habitability of atoll nations and demonstrate the importance of resolving recent rates and styles of island change to inform adaptation strategies.In other words, alarmists were misinformed.Phosphorus for UsAll life, including coral, requires phosphorus, but the “Phosphorus Cycle” has been poorly understood. How does this essential element cycle through land and sea? The ocean’s “hidden fertilizer” was investigated by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. Science Daily reports,Phosphorus is one of the most common substances on Earth. An essential nutrient for every living organism — humans require approximately 700 milligrams per day — we are rarely concerned about consuming enough of it because it is present in most of the foods we eat. Despite its ubiquity and living organisms’ utter dependence on it, we know surprisingly little about how it moves, or cycles, through the ocean environment.Taking samples of plankton from a boat in the Bermuda area, they found three new things. First, the phosphorus cycle is “much more complex than previously thought.” Second, they uncovered a “previously hidden role that some microbial communities play in using and breaking down forms of this essential element.” And third, “these results show for the first time that microbes are producing phosphonates in the ocean, and that it is happening very quickly.” The element must be made available in a form life can utilize. Microbes metabolize phosphorus into phosphonate, forming the basis of the marine food web.“Such work will help us further resolve the complexities of how this critical element is cycled in the ocean,” Dyhrman adds.“A reason to be excited about the findings of this elegant study is in the paper’s last sentence: ‘the environmental, ecological, and evolutionary controls . . . remain completely unknown.’ There’s still a lot we don’t know about the sea,” says Don Rice, program director in the National Science Foundation’s Division of Ocean Sciences, which funded the research.The phosphorus cycle joins the carbon cycle, water cycle, nitrogen cycle, ozone layer, and other global systems that keep our planet habitable. Environmental and ecological systems seem apparent, but whatever an “evolutionary control” might be is unclear.In Science Magazine, Claudia Benitez-Nelson describes the chemistry of the phosphorus cycle in more detail, noting that phosphonate, a reduced form of phosphorus, is energetically expensive. “Why organisms produce energetically expensive, reduced phosphorus compounds remains a mystery, particularly given that these compounds are subsequently released to surrounding waters,” she says. “…. the environmental factors that contribute to the production and release of reduced phosphorus compounds in surface waters remain unknown. Perhaps this redox cycling is related to the evolution of cyanobacteria and archaea more than 3 billion years ago.” That would be because “At that time, phosphorus concentrations in the oceans were very low because high concentrations of ferrous oxides scavenged and removed phosphorus preferentially from the surface ocean.” She says the new study might provide a “missing link in ocean phosphorus cycling” indicating that everything is in balance today. In short, the researchers found “a large, rapidly recycled pool of reduced phosphorus compounds that play a key role in ocean phosphorus biogeochemistry.” The original paper by Van Mooy et al. is in the same issue of Science Magazine, which states, “Overall, our study suggests that the production of phosphonates and/or phosphite contributes to a globally vast phosphorus redox cycle that exceeds the magnitude of phosphate inputs to the ocean.”There’s another piece of the puzzle: one of dozens of factors required for our privileged planet. It’s amazing that the phosphorus cycle involves chemistry, geology and biology working in concert to keep an essential nutrient in balance.As for sea level rise, we’re not saying that the “optimistic prognosis” for atoll nations applies to all shorelines, nor using this information as justification to ignore the impacts of a changing climate. That’s not the point of quoting this paper. There are two lessons here. (1) Modelers who simplistically thought that atolls would be inundated by rising sea levels underestimated the response of coral to “variations in boundary conditions” of all kinds. The islands actually grew and prospered in spite of predicted catastrophes. (2) Without access to the full paper, we’re not sure if they referred to Darwin’s theory about coral atolls. However, the rapid response of the islands to changes in just one century calls into question the assumption that long ages are required for coral island formation. Creation geologists may wish to investigate this paper in detail.Let’s also use this occasion on Memorial Day to honor the brave Americans who gave their lives in the South Pacific fighting nations that did not believe that we are endowed by our Creator with certain unalienable rights. We can never thank them enough for their service. (Visited 39 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#legal#robotics OK, I didn’t really abuse my robot dog. Although I might, if only to test cultural limits. Would you? It’s just a robot, after all. A gadget. If you spotted animal cruelty, would you react any differently if you discovered it wasn’t really an animal but a robot? How about if it looked and behaved like a real dog — and even whimpered in pain? What if your daughter enjoyed pulling whiskers off the family cat — but it, too, was just a robot? Would that set off any alarms?Kate Darling, a lawyer and Ph.D. candidate in the field of Intellectual Property and Law & Economics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, explores such questions in a series of experiments that examine how people interact with “social companion” robots (emphasis added):At first glance, it seems hard to justify differentiating between the legal treatment of a social robot, such as a Pleo dinosaur toy, and a household appliance, such as a toaster. Both are man-made objects that can be purchased on Amazon and used as we please. Yet there is a difference in how we perceive these two artifacts. While toasters are designed to make toast, social robots are designed to act as our companions.(See also: The ReadWrite Q&A with Kate Darling, below.)Robots are all around us. Not Blade Runner-like android robots, of course. Not yet. Today’s robots are used in medicine, to help build our cars, manufacture our smartphones, and in some cases, to clean our floors.Such robots are typically developed for a specific purpose. They look, unsurprisingly, like nothing more than a functional machine. But not all. Some robots look “alive,” like the popular Pleo They are designed as companions. Expect them to get better, more lifelike, more responsive — more like actual companions, in other words.Do these robots deserve legal protection similar to what we now provide pets, for example, or horses? Your initial reaction may be, Of course not. But what if this social robot served as the equivalent of your family dog and someone came along and stole it, abused it and “killed” it? Then posted video on YouTube? (Go ahead — take our poll on the right, then sound off in comments.) A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting brian s hall Image of adorable Boston Terrier puppy and Pleo doll courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Related Posts Even when we can reliably predict aspects of the future, we seem to often miss out the larger implications of what we create. What do you think? In her 2012 paper, “Extending Legal Rights to Social Robots,” Darling makes it clear why people often find it more troubling to witness or incite violent or abusive acts on a “social robot” as opposed to a more machine-like, functional robot:Studies involving state-of-the-art technology already indicate that humans interact differently with social robots than they do with other objects. Robotic toys, household robots, and personal-care robots that interact with us on a social level generate stronger psychological attachments than we experience with everyday objects. This difference in how we perceive social robots could have legal implications.Rapid advances in robotics, haptic feedback, voice recognition, design, data processing and algorithms are rapidly making highly realistic robot “pets” a reality for many. Nonetheless, that adorable, forever-puppy robot that “bonds” with your children presently has no more legal rights than the power drill hanging on the wall of your garage. I spoke with Darling about social robots, typical human responses to them, and potential legal issues we all might face down the road.ReadWrite: Should we grant rights to social robots? Kate Darling: That’s really up to society to decide. But there are two reasons it could make sense to give social robots some legal protection beyond the property right of the owner. The first is that if people feel strongly enough about it, for example the way that we feel about protecting certain animals from abuse, we might want the law to reflect that social preference.The second is that we might want to deter types of behavior that could be harmful in other contexts. One theory behind animal rights looks at it not from the viewpoint of the animals’ inherent capacities, but rather from the viewpoint of what it says about ourselves if we’re willing to treat other creatures or things in a certain way.RW: Are there examples of rights you would propose for social robots — robot pets?KD: I would say that analogies to animal abuse laws are helpful — so not “the right to live”, but rather protection from being treated in a way that we associate with unnecessary cruelty. RW: Should such rules be different based upon what the robot is? A robot dog, for example, versus a robot woman.KD: I would rather distinguish between robots that are specifically designed to interact with us socially and be anthropomorphized, as opposed to the many other robots, such as factory robots, that are not meant to engage our emotions.RW: Have any countries (or legal entities) extended legal rights to robots?KD: Not that I know of.RW: Have any countries explicitly restricted legal rights of/to robots?KD: Not that I know of.RW: What might prompt legal action?KD: I think (YouTube videos of animal torture). Even with existing technology and very few use cases, the YouTube comments on videos picturing “torture” of robotic toys and pets are strikingly polarized. A lot of people get upset, or at least feel very uncomfortable watching something that they perceive as life-like get abused, accusing the video makers of horrible cruelty. This reaction is likely to become more common and more extreme with the increasing development of robots that are specifically designed to interact with us socially in a cute and sympathetic way.RW: Have any religious groups promoted or restricted social robot rights?KD: None that I am aware of. I could imagine that some might be opposed, but that really depends on their respective beliefs.RW: Do you expect some societies to act first or differently regarding social robots?KD: Some societies (like Japan and South Korea) seem to accept interaction with robots more easily, which could incentivize a societal push sooner than in other cultures.Clearly, the ethical and legal implications of robots virtually endowed with human qualities can quickly sends many people down the rabbit hole. But society may be forced to grapple with the issue anyway. What if the robot looks not like the family dog, but like a human being? Is anyone harmed if your teenage son uses a fembot to practice sex with? 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Mistakes were made and India paid the price for them in the two previous overseas tours of the year. However, ahead of the third and final – a stern Test against Australia in Australia, the Asian giants are being tipped as favourites.India have never won a Test series in Australia but Virat Kohli’s team, despite guarded opinions from its members, is bidding to create history.The absence of Steve Smith and David Warner who are serving ball-tampering bans has tilted the favour, albeit slightly, in favour of the visiting team. Even Australia coach Justin Langer believes India are smelling blood.And it wasn’t hard to understand why an Indian fan in Adelaide thought India would go on to win the upcoming four-Test series 3-0.The fan, while speaking to Rohit Sharma in a candid chat for bcci.tv on the pedestrian bridge that runs over River Torrens, said he believes India have a good opportunity to beat the Australians at their own backyard.However, both Rohit and Ashwin burst out laughing after hearing the comments from the fan. The former went on to ask the fan why he didn’t predict a 4-0 win.”Why not 4-0?” Rohit queried the fan who eventually went on to predict a clean sweep.The two cricketers were on their way from a practice season at the Adelaide Oval to the team hotel, which is situated close to the iconic venue which will be hosting the first Test from December 6.Rohit & Ashwin surprise fans on the streets of AdelaideEver wondered how you would feel if @ImRo45 or @ashwinravi99 walked up to you on the streets randomly? The duo did just that on their way back from the Adelaide Oval – by @28anandhttps://t.co/iboI3dCvQz pic.twitter.com/7hQoguzM6dadvertisementBCCI (@BCCI) December 5, 2018″Australia is one of the places where we come and like to play our cricket because the fans here love their cricket. This time around, we hope we don’t disappoint our fans,” Rohit said.Ashwin opined that India have a considerable chance of dominating the series, considering most of their players, including captain Kohli, have the previous experience of playing in Australia.”Of course, the last time we were here, we had a very close series. We couldn’t really win a Test match but we came very close. Many of the players are coming here for the second or the third time, so we have got a reasonable chance for playing good cricket and make the fans enjoy the tour,” the premier off-spinner added.Both Ashwin and Rohit have been named in the 12-man Indian squad that was announced on the eve of the first Test. The visitors, just like the hosts, are going in with a four-man bowling attack.India have picked Ashwin as their lone spinner while the trio of Jasprit Bumrah, Ishant Sharma and Mohammed Shami will handle the pace bowling duties. Middle-order batsman Hanuma Vihari, who impressed in his maiden Test assignment in England earlier this year, also finds a place in the 12-man squad.Meanwhile, fast bowler Bhuvneshwar Kumar, who will be missing from action in Adelaide, met Bharat Army – a group of Indian travelling fans, at the Adelaide Oval and had a brief interaction with them.SPECIAL: Bhuvi surprises Bharat Army with a kind gesture at the Adelaide OvalWatch on as the Bharat Army sings a song for @BhuviOfficial pic.twitter.com/9hG3fThrHQBCCI (@BCCI) December 5, 2018Notably, the Bharat Army welcomed the Indian team upon their arrival at the city’s airport on Monday.Also Read | A bit of banter not harmful but we won’t cross the line: Virat KohliAlso Read | Virat Kohli 2nd in Forbes India Celebrity 100 list, MS Dhoni 5thAlso See:
Story Highlights Jamaican educators have been commended for their Spanish language teaching methods, which are being employed in schools across the island, by Charge d’Affaires at the Embassy of Spain, Victoria Garcia. Ms. Garcia was addressing students at the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information Region Four’s biennial Day of Excellence (Dia de Excelencia) Primary School Spanish Competition, which was held at the St. John’s Methodist Church Action Centre in St. James on May 16. “I would like to specially commend the work of the Jamaican teachers. I cannot think of a more noble profession than education… . Teachers are the brick and mortar of a society – the key to its success,” Ms. Garcia said. Jamaican educators have been commended for their Spanish language teaching methods, which are being employed in schools across the island, by Charge d’Affaires at the Embassy of Spain, Victoria Garcia.Ms. Garcia was addressing students at the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information Region Four’s biennial Day of Excellence (Dia de Excelencia) Primary School Spanish Competition, which was held at the St. John’s Methodist Church Action Centre in St. James on May 16.“I would like to specially commend the work of the Jamaican teachers. I cannot think of a more noble profession than education… . Teachers are the brick and mortar of a society – the key to its success,” Ms. Garcia said.“You are a part of one of the most beautiful and demanding professions since you have in your hands the most precious raw material that there is, for you to mold and shape,” she added.Meanwhile, Ms. Garcia has underscored that the Spanish Embassy is committed to assisting the Jamaican Government in its thrust to make Spanish the foreign language of choice in the island.“The embassy of Spain is willing and ready to help the Jamaican Government, and particularly the Education Ministry, in its endeavour to make Spanish the number-one foreign language in Jamaica. We commend those efforts, and you can count on us to help you achieve your goals,” Ms. Garcia assured.Adjudicator of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information Region Four’s Day of Excellence (Dia de Excelencia) Primary School Spanish Competition, Rouchelle Scott-Green (right), converses with students of the Savanna-la-Mar Primary School in Westmoreland, about their Guatemalan-themed booth. The competition was held at the St. John’s Methodist Church Action Centre in St. James on May 16.The event saw primary schools from across Western Jamaica competing in the categories of poetry, drama, song and dance, as well as a booth contest, for which students showcased the cultures of various Spanish-speaking countries.Students from Lucea Primary School, in Hanover perform during the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information Region Four’s Day of Excellence (Dia de Excelencia) Primary School Spanish Competition, which was held at the St. John’s Methodist Church Action Centre in St. James on May 16.The overall winner of the performing aspect of the competition was Chetwood Memorial Primary School from St. James, while Savanna-la-Mar Primary School, from Westmoreland, won for best booth.
TORONTO – Five things to watch for in the Canadian business world in the coming week:Notley goes to bat for Trans MountainAlberta Premier Rachel Notley kicks off a cross-country speaking tour on the importance of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion on Monday in Toronto. The National Energy Board recently refused a request for a speedier hearing on allegations that the City of Burnaby is deliberately obstructing construction of the pipeline expansion by refusing to issue necessary permits.Moment of truth for Keystone XLThe Nebraska Public Service Commission votes on Monday whether to approve the permit to allow construction of the Keystone XL pipeline, the last regulatory hurdle for the controversial project. The original Keystone pipeline leaked an estimated 795,000 litres of oil in South Dakota late last week, giving critics of the XL pipeline fresh ammunition to push for a no vote.The bread is how much?George Weston Inc. and Metro Inc. are reporting quarterly results on Tuesday and Wednesday, respectively. The conference calls will present the first opportunity for investors to get some answers regarding allegations of price fixing on bread products, which is the subject of a criminal investigation by the Competition Bureau.Trade data to shed light on real GDPStatistics Canada releases September figures for wholesale and retail trade, employment insurance and quarterly financial statistics for enterprises for the third quarter. CIBC economists expect softness in wholesale numbers and a rebound in retail, and are predicting a 1.7 per cent real GDP pace for Q3.Sino-Forest lurches onThe Ontario Securities Commission holds a sanctions and costs hearing for Sino-Forest on Monday in Toronto. In July, the regulator ruled that the company and several of its top executives defrauded investors and mislead investigators by overstating the now defunct timber company’s assets and revenue.
TORONTO – Canada’s main stock market posted its largest daily gain in more than two months on Tuesday as trade optimism produced a relief rally.There is anecdotal evidence from the United States and Canada that they are closer to some sort of deal even though there is no concrete evidence, said Sid Mokhtari with CIBC Capital Markets.“The market does have some element of optimism for maybe the U.S. is going to have cooler heads and be able to come to some sort of resolution with Canada in particular, some sort of a NAFTA deal,” he said in an interview.Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland travelled to Washington to resume efforts to forge a new version of the continental trade pact.Mokhtari figures the TSX could gain three to five per cent if a deal is reached.The two sides are approaching a deadline this week to have a deal signed by the Mexican president before he leaves office. There are some signals from Canada, however, that a deal may take longer, which prompted a congressional ally of U.S. President Donald Trump to suggest that Canada was dragging out the talks for its own political purposes.The S&P/TSX composite index closed up 113.73 points to 16,196.04, the largest daily gain since July 12. The index reached a high of 16,198.67 on 228.9 million shares traded.All sectors but consumer discretionary, utilities and real estate closed up. Health care led, rising 6.1 per cent, primarily due to gains from cannabis company stocks including Aurora Cannabis Inc., Aphria Inc. and Canopy Growth Corp.The important energy sector rose 2.6 per cent as the November crude contract was up 91 cents to US$69.59 per barrel, its highest level in two weeks.American stock markets also rose.In New York, the Dow Jones industrial average was up 184.84 points to 26,246.96. The S&P 500 index was up 15.51 points to 2,904.31, while the Nasdaq composite was up 60.35 points at 7,956.11.Investors appeared unfazed by China’s move to increase tariffs on US$60 billion worth of U.S. goods, in retaliation to the U.S. saying it will impose tariffs on an additional US$200 billion of Chinese goods starting next Monday.“We’re getting a lot of zigzagging behaviour between offence and defence,” said Mokharti. “Today is more of an offence tone for as yesterday and last week we did have more of a defensive tone.”Semi-conductor companies have historically been a good leading indicator for weakness in the technology sector, which is a very large part of the U.S. benchmark index. As it comes under pressure, the S&P 500 may feel it too, he added.The Canadian dollar traded at an average of 76.97 cents US compared with an average of 76.81 cents US on Monday.The October natural gas contract was up 11.9 cents at US$2.93 per mmBTU.The December gold contract was down US$2.90 at US$1,202.90 an ounce and the December copper contract was up 7.95 cents at US$2.73 a pound.
NEW YORK — Chris Park is leaving his job as an executive vice-president in the baseball commissioner’s office at the end of the month to become chief executive officer of Gen.G, an e-sports company.Park, 39, was a vice-president in Major League Baseball’s labour relations department, left and returned in March 2015 as senior vice-president of growth and strategy. He was promoted a month later to senior vice-president of growth, strategy and international, then promoted again last December to executive vice-president of product and marketing.Gen.G is the company formerly known as KSV Esports, which rebranded this year.___More AP baseball coverage: https://apnews.com/MLB and https://twitter.com/AP_SportsThe Associated Press
The blast knocked out Enbridge’s 91-centimetre line, but the Calgary company’s 76-centimetre pipeline near the damage site is supplying natural gas on a reduced basis.The incident has lead several major industries and institutions to switch energy sources, reduce operations or shut down temporarily.Enbridge says it recognizes the incident has had a significant impact on the communities where the company operates, and it’s working with those communities to make sure their needs are being met.(THE CANADIAN PRESS) VANCOUVER, B.C. – Enbridge Inc. says it will begin cleaning up the site of a natural gas pipeline explosion in Prince George, B.C., but the company says it does not have a timeline for how long the task will take.In a news release Saturday, the company says the Transportation Safety Board, which is leading the investigation into Tuesday’s incident, has opened the area to begin site-safety work and clean-up planning.An explosion Tuesday at an underground Enbridge pipeline temporarily shut down two natural gas pipelines.
Mumbai: High-flying India crashed to a stunning 2-3 defeat against Australia at home in the bilateral ODI series and the setback should act as a warning sign for Virat Kohli and his men going into the upcoming World Cup as one of the favourites, feels former captain Rahul Dravid. India led 2-0 in the five-match series, but lost the last three to the reigning World Cup champions to lose an ODI series after a lengthy gap. These games are the last of the 50-over competition for India going into the World Cup commencing on May 30 in England. “I think there was a bit of notion that we are going walk there and win the World Cup easily. So it’s a good thing that has happened. What it has (the outcome against Australia) reminded us is that we have to play the World Cup very, very well,” said Dravid. Also Read – Puducherry on top after 8-wkt win over ChandigarhHe was speaking at an event along with his former India teammate Sanjay Manjrekar here on Wednesday. “In a way I think its a good balancing factor. India has performed well in the last couple of years. There was a little bit of talk that we are almost going to walk in there and win the World Cup very easily because we are the No. 1 team and we have been dominating one-day cricket for the last couple of years,” said India’s current Under-19 and A team coach. Also Read – Vijender’s next fight on Nov 22, opponent to be announced later”But I don’t find anything strange from my perspective watching the series. I still feel that we are going to be one of the favourites. But it’s going to be tough. It’s going to be competitive,” the cricket stalwart insisted. Both Dravid and Manjrekar also answered queries on the much-talked about workload factor in the IPL starting on March 23 for some key Indian players, who are expected to make the World Cup squad, such as Jasprit Bumrah and Hardik Pandya. All-rounder Pandya is coming off a lower back injury layoff that forced him to miss matches in Australia as well as the home series against the same opponents at home. “Most players are smart about these things. They know how to handle their body. I don’t think the players would put their body on the line. I was reading Patrick Cummins (Australia pacer) saying that he feels better bowling when he is constantly playing rather than having rested and coming back,” Dravid said. “So to each player, its different. There cannot be a blanket case that all should be rested. We have to just trust the players. They know what needs to be done,” he opined.