India now top Test team after demolishing New Zealand

first_imgINDORE, India (AP):India completed a comprehensive demolition of New Zealand yesterday, winning the third Test by a massive 321 runs within four days and completing a 3-0 series whitewash.India’s first innings 557-5 declared snatched the initiative and New Zealand, chasing an improbable 475 to win, collapsed to 153 all out against the spin of Ravichandran Ashwin, whose 7-59 added to his first-innings haul of 6-81, giving him 13 wickets in the game.India won the series 3-0 after convincing wins in Kanpur and Kolkata earlier. They are now the number one ranked Test team.Kane Williamson (27) and Martin Guptill (29) added 35 runs for the second wicket. Ashwin got the breakthrough as he trapped Williamson lbw. Ross Taylor (32) then added some quick runs, hitting five fours and a six in his 25-ball stay. Umesh Yadav (1-13) had trapped Tom Latham (6) lbw before tea.Taylor was clean bowled by Ashwin and then the slide truly began as New Zealand lost their last seven wickets for 73 runs. Ravindra Jadeja (2-45) had James Neesham caught at short midwicket.Ashwin bowled Luke Ronchi (15) and then ran through the tail. First he bowled Mitchell Santner (14) and Jeetan Patel (0) in quick succession. Matt Henry (0) holed out to mid-off then.The game ended in the final over of the day as Trent Boult (4) offered a simple return catch to Ashwin.SIXTH HAULThis was a sixth 10-wicket haul in Test cricket for the off-spinner, who finished with match figures of 13 wickets for 140 runs.”We tried to play positive cricket in the second innings so that we give our bowlers enough overs to bowl at the opposition and give them enough runs to express themselves,” said captain Virat Kohli, who anchored India’s first innings with a score of 211.”New Zealand have played good cricket. It is not easy for anyone coming to India. But they put us under pressure at different times. We just responded well and bounced back and didn’t allow them to put us under pressure again,” he added.Earlier, India finished their second innings at 216-3 declared in 49 overs. Cheteshwar Pujara (101 n.o.) scored his eighth Test hundred and faced 148 deliveries, scoring nine boundaries.He put on 76 runs with Gautam Gambhir (50), who came out to bat at the fall of Murali Vijay (19) after retiring hurt on Monday. He provided instant impetus to the innings and went on to score his 22nd Test half-century off 54 balls, inclusive of six fours.New Zealand lost all three tosses in this Test series and skipper Kane Williamson thought it was a crucial factor.”Winning the toss would be helpful and then you certainly have to be at your best. It is important to spend time at the crease creating pressure batting first if possible. This India side a very good team and they know these conditions better than anyone,” he said.India next host England for a five-match series in November and December.last_img read more

admin

Fraud rap for cryptocurrency promoted by DJ Khaled, Mayweather

first_imgNadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina MOST READ Messi to return as Barca hosts Roma in Champions League last 8 In Liverpool, Man United sees the pain and path to recovery Cabuyao City rising above the ashes through volunteerism The charges, filed in New York, also say the pair “claimed that funds raised in the ICO would help build a suite of financial products,” such as debit cards that would allow users to instantly convert hard-to-spend cryptocurrencies into legal tender.In reality, there was no relationship with legitimately-backed debit cards, the complaint alleges.Centra “sold investors on the promise of new digital technologies by using a sophisticated marketing campaign,” an SEC statement said.“The defendants relied heavily on celebrity endorsements and social media to market their scheme,” Steve Peikin, co-director of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement, said in a statement.“Endorsements and glossy marketing materials are no substitute for the SEC’s registration and disclosure requirements as well as diligence by investors.”ADVERTISEMENT Conor McGregor seeks to emerge from controversy in UFC comeback The value of ICOs exploded last year when investors poured $3.6 billion into 228 projects, up from $96 million for 46 ICOs in 2016.The gold-rush fever surrounding ICOs partly stems from the soaring success of bitcoin, and firms issuing ICOs have raised their visibility by enlisting celebrities.Participants bet that the value of their “tokens” will go up and that they will eventually be able to trade them for established cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and Ethereum, which can in turn be exchanged for traditional currencies.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award MINNEAPOLIS, MN – FEBRUARY 04: Boxer Floyd Mayweather Jr. looks on during Super Bowl LII between the New England Patriots and the Philadelphia Eagles at U.S. Bank Stadium on February 4, 2018 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Patrick Smith/Getty Images/AFPThe US Securities and Exchange Commission on Monday laid charges over a fraudulent cryptocurrency fundraiser that boxer Floyd Mayweather and rapper DJ Khaled touted on social media.Neither celebrity is accused in the scheme which the SEC said raised more than $32 million from thousands of investors.ADVERTISEMENT Recto seeks to establish Taal rehab body to aid community, eruption victims Scarlett Johansson, Sterling K. Brown among SAG Awards presenters The SEC charged Sohrab “Sam” Sharma and Robert Farkas, co-founders of Centra Tech. Inc., with violating the anti-fraud and registration provisions of US securities laws.Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) have sprung from nowhere to become a hugely popular way for start-ups to raise funds online, offering self-created digital “tokens” or coins to any willing buyer.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownBut regulators around the world have warned of the risks of fraud, the volatility of virtual currencies and the lack of clarity on what a “token” represents.Sharma and Farkas are accused of masterminding a fraudulent ICO in which Centra offered and sold unregistered investments through a “CTR Token.”   Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew LATEST STORIES Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ View commentslast_img read more

admin

GTT, Bistro honour Women in STEM Fields

first_imgGTT, in collaboration with the Bistro Restaurant and in recognition of International Women’s Day, on Thursday hosted a special luncheon for several women who have taken an active role in the development and promotion of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) in Guyana.Justin Nedd addressing the honorees at the luncheon including First Lady Sandra Granger and Telecommunications Minister, Cathy Hughes at the evening on ThursdayFirst Lady Sandra Granger and of Public Telecommunications Minister Cathy Hughes were among the women who were all drawn from the private sector, Government, University of Guyana and CARICOM, and are all integrally involved in an area which traditionally was male -dominated.GTT’s Chief Executive Office Justin Nedd, speaking at the luncheon, highlighted that GTT has taken a leading role in the development of STEM in Guyana. He said women’s “work and roles align perfectly with the Innov8 initiatives of the company.“Our commitment of G$18 million to STEM and internet for all primary schools is demonstrative of this support,” he remarked.Nedd pointed out that the women being honoured stand as great examples of the possibilities and opportunities for girls/women to play key roles in the STEM arena.In response, the honourees expressed their appreciation for the company’s recognition of their roles in STEM.last_img read more

admin

Town, campus pray for answers after deadly rampage

first_imgBLACKSBURG, Va. (AP) – The people of this once-peaceful mountain town and the university at its heart prayed for the victims of the deadliest shooting rampage in U.S. history, struggling to find order in a tragedy of such unspeakable horror it defies reason. “For Ryan and Emily and for those whose names we do not know,” one woman pleaded in a church service held for those seeking solace. “For all the children in our community who are afraid,” another said. A third added: “For parents near and far who wonder at a time like this, ‘Is my child safe?’” That question promises to haunt Blacksburg long after Monday’s pair of attacks, which came two hours apart and left 33 people dead, including a gunman. Investigators offered no motive. The gunman’s name was not immediately released, and it was not known if he was a student. The shooting began about 7:15 a.m. on the fourth floor of West Ambler Johnston, a high-rise coed dormitory where two people died. Police were still investigating when a gunman wielding two handguns and carrying multiple clips of ammunition stormed Norris Hall, a classroom building a half-mile away on the other side of the 2,600-acre campus. Some of the doors at Norris Hall were found chained from the inside, apparently by the shooter. The second attack left 31 dead, including the gunman, who put a bullet in his own head. At least 15 people were hurt, some seriously. The attacks forced students to jump from windows. Young people and faculty members carried away some of the wounded without waiting for ambulances to arrive. Many found themselves trapped behind chained and padlocked doors. SWAT team members with helmets, flak jackets and assault rifles swarmed over the campus. A student used his cell-phone camera to record the sound of bullets echoing through a stone building. Inside Norris, the attack began with a thunderous sound from Room 206 – “what sounded like an enormous hammer,” said Alec Calhoun, a 20-year-old junior who was in a solid mechanics lecture in a classroom next door. Screams followed an instant later, and the banging continued. When students realized the sounds were gunshots, Calhoun said, he started flipping over desks to make hiding places. Others dashed to the windows of the second-floor classroom, kicking out the screens and jumping from the ledge of Room 204, he said. “I must’ve been the eighth or ninth person who jumped, and I think I was the last,” said Calhoun, of Waynesboro, Va. He landed in a bush and ran. Calhoun said that the two students behind him were shot, but that he believed they survived. Just before he climbed out the window, Calhoun said, he turned to look at his professor, who had stayed behind, apparently to prevent the gunman from opening the door. The instructor was killed, Calhoun said. Erin Sheehan, who was in the German class next door to Calhoun’s class, told the student newspaper, the Collegiate Times, that she was one of only four of about two dozen people in the class to walk out of the room. The rest were dead or wounded, she said. She said the gunman “was just a normal-looking kid, Asian, but he had on a Boy Scout-type outfit. He wore a tan button-up vest, and this black vest, maybe it was for ammo or something.” The gunman first shot the professor in the head and then fired on the class, another student, Trey Perkins, told The Washington Post. The gunman was about 19 years old and had a “very serious but very calm look on his face,” he said. “Everyone hit the floor at that moment,” said Perkins, 20, of Yorktown, Va., a sophomore studying mechanical engineering. “And the shots seemed like it lasted forever.” At an evening news conference, Police Chief Wendell Flinchum refused to dismiss the possibility that a co-conspirator or second shooter was involved. He said police had interviewed a male who was a “person of interest” in the dorm shooting and who knew one of the victims, but he declined to give details. “I’m not saying there’s a gunman on the loose,” Flinchum said. Ballistics tests will help explain what happened, he said. Virginia Tech President Charles Steger said the campus was “shocked and indeed horrified,” but he also faced difficult questions about whether the university did enough to warn students and protect them after the first burst of gunfire. Some students bitterly complained they got no warning from the university until an e-mail that arrived more than two hours after the first shots. “I think the university has blood on their hands because of their lack of action after the first incident,” said Billy Bason, 18, who lives on the seventh floor of the dorm. Steger defended the university’s conduct, saying authorities believed the shooting at the dorm was a domestic dispute and mistakenly thought the gunman had fled the campus. “We had no reason to suspect any other incident was going to occur,” he said. Steger emphasized that the university closed off the dorm after the first attack and decided to rely on e-mail and other electronic means to spread the word, but said that with 11,000 people driving onto campus first thing in the morning, it was difficult to get the word out. He said that before the e-mail was sent, the university began telephoning resident advisers in the dorms and sent people to knock on doors. Students were warned to stay inside and away from the windows. “We can only make decisions based on the information you had at the time. You don’t have hours to reflect on it,” Steger said. Some students and Laura Wedin, a student programs manager at Virginia Tech, said their first notification came in an e-mail at 9:26 a.m., more than two hours after the first shooting. The e-mail had few details. It read: “A shooting incident occurred at West Amber Johnston earlier this morning. Police are on the scene and are investigating.” The message warned students to be cautious and contact police about anything suspicious. Until Monday, the deadliest shooting in modern U.S. history was in Killeen, Texas, in 1991, when George Hennard plowed his pickup truck into a Luby’s Cafeteria and shot 23 people to death, then himself. The massacre Monday took place almost eight years to the day after the Columbine High bloodbath near Littleton, Colo. On April 20, 1999, two teenagers killed 12 fellow students and a teacher before taking their own lives. Previously, the deadliest campus shooting in U.S. history was a rampage that took place in 1966 at the University of Texas at Austin, where Charles Whitman climbed the clock tower and opened fire with a rifle from the 28th-floor observation deck. He killed 16 people before he was shot to death by police. Founded in 1872, Virginia Tech is nestled in southwestern Virginia, about 160 miles west of Richmond. With more than 25,000 full-time students, it has the state’s largest full-time student population. The school is best known for its engineering school and its powerhouse Hokies football team. Police said there had been bomb threats on campus over the past two weeks but that they had not determined whether they were linked to the shootings. It was second time in less than a year that the campus was closed because of gunfire. Last August, the opening day of classes was canceled when an escaped jail inmate allegedly killed a hospital guard off campus and fled to the Tech area. A sheriff’s deputy was killed just off campus. The accused gunman, William Morva, faces capital murder charges. Among the dead were professors Liviu Librescu and Kevin Granata, said Ishwar K. Puri, the head of the engineering science and mechanics department. Librescu, an Israeli, was born in Romania and was known internationally for his research in aeronautical engineering, Puri wrote in an e-mail to The Associated Press. Granata and his students researched muscle and reflex response and robotics. Puri called him one of the top five biomechanics researchers in the country working on movement dynamics in cerebral palsy. Also killed was Ryan Clark, a student from Martinez, Ga., who had several majors and carried a 4.0 grade-point average, said Vernon Collins, coroner in Columbia County, Ga. His friend Gregory Walton, a 25-year-old who graduated last year, said he feared the nightmare had just begun. “I knew when the number was so large that I would know at least one person on that list,” said Walton, a banquet manager. “I don’t want to look at that list. I don’t want to. “It’s just, it’s going to be horrible, and it’s going to get worse before it gets better.” 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

admin

Mkhitaryan in line for Dortmund return

first_img0Shares0000Manchester United’s Armenian midfielder Henrikh MkhitaryanMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Dec 20- Henrikh Mkhitaryan could make a surprise return for former club Borussia Dortmund, according to reports.The Armenian international has fallen out of favour with United boss Jose Mourinho in recent weeks amid reports of a falling out, and it now appears he could be offloaded in the January transfer window if the price is right. The 28-year old arrived from Dortmund in 2016 for £27 million but his time at Old Trafford looks up after Mourinho hinted at an exit, declaring that ‘every player has his price.Inter Milan are reported to be interested in signing the midfielder, although a return to his former club would appear more likely, with a loan deal likely before a permanent deal is thrashed out in the summer.The transfer talk comes as Mkhitaryan looks set to be recalled for Wednesday’ Carabao Cup tie against Bristol City.He has played just once since United’s defeat at Chelsea on November 5, but Mourinho may bring him back as he rotates his squad.“Henrikh has a chance,” said Mourinho.“I intend to make a few changes for the match but not too many.“Bristol City are one of the best teams in the Championship, and the Championship today is not what it was five or six years ago. Today the Championship is full of high-quality players, and you have to treat all its teams with respect.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

admin

Ivan Scott finishes third in World Speed Shear competition

first_imgIvan Scott finished in third place at the World Speed Shear competition at the World Shearing Championships in New Zealand. Over 100 of the world’s fastest shearers had competed in the first heat of the competition.Ivan made it to the semi-final before being knocked out by Kiwi shearers Jack Fagan and Paerata Abraham who battled it out in the final. The Kilmacrennan native missed out on the final by hair’s breadth, finishing outside the top two by less than half a second with a time of 21.24 seconds, 0.43 of a second after Fagan’s time of 20.81.Ivan also took part in the All-Nations Open Shearing and World Machine Shearing events.On Thursday, he finished sixth in the All-Nations Open Shearing event and came fifth in the World Machine Shearing competition, the semi-final of which takes place this weekend.Ivan hit headlines last summer for setting a new world record for the fastest sheep shearing after fleecing 867 strong wool lambs in only nine hours. The previous world record was held by New Zealand shearer Dion King, who shaved 866 crossbred lambs in nine hours. King’s record remained unbeaten for almost a decade.In order to beat King’s record, he had to shear 97 sheep per hour, meaning he had just over thirty seconds per sheep.Ivan is no stranger to competitive sheep shearing, having smashed the Irish record last June. He fleeced 820 Irish ewes in nine hours in Mayo, beating the previous record of 483 held by Wexford man, George Graham in 1997.Ivan Scott finishes third in World Speed Shear competition was last modified: February 11th, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Ivan ScottNew Zealandsheep shearingworld shearing championshipsworld speed shearlast_img read more

admin

GARDAI FORCED TO JUMP OUT OF WAY OF MOTORIST AT LIFFORD CHECKPOINT

first_imgA Garda had to jump out of the way of a speeding car after it drove through a checkpoint in Lifford.Gardai were manning the checkpoint at Coneyburrow, Lifford on October 1st, 2011 and were wearing reflective jackets and using torches.A car came speeding from the Castlefin direction, went around a traffic island on the wrong side of the road and then drove through the checkpoint. Gardai were forced to jump out of the way of the car, a ‘96 Vauxhall Vectra, but took a note of the registration number.Following enquiries, Gardai called to the home of Daryl Kelly at 32 Beechwood Grove in Lifford where they found the car in the driveway.When questioned by Gardai, Kelly, 22, said his brother occasionally borrowed the car but said he had only owned it for six weeks.He also said he was at a house party and couldn’t remember coming across a checkpoint.Kelly did not appear in court.Judge Denis McLoughlin said that in the absence of Mr Kelly, he was forced to convict and fined the accused €150 for failing to give information.GARDAI FORCED TO JUMP OUT OF WAY OF MOTORIST AT LIFFORD CHECKPOINT was last modified: November 13th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:checkpointDaryl KellyGardaiLiffordlast_img read more

admin

Woman appears in court on 40 charges of alleged sexual abuse

first_imgA woman has appeared in court in Co Donegal in connection with 40 charges of sexual abuse against children.The woman, who cannot be named, appeared at Letterkenny District Court today. The offences are alleged to have happened between 1986 and 1989 at various locations across Donegal.The accused woman, who is in her 50s, did not speak during the short hearing.Garda Sgt Jim Collins said the Director of Public Prosecutions had consented for the woman to go forward for trial at the next sitting of Letterkenny Circuit Court.The woman was released on her own bail of €250 to appear at the next sitting of the circuit court later this month.Woman appears in court on 40 charges of alleged sexual abuse was last modified: July 2nd, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:courtdonegalGardaisex abusewomanlast_img read more

admin

Judge: Guards must take prisoner to get abortion

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week Under a policy adopted in July, Missouri’s prison system does not provide transportation or security for inmates seeking abortions. The policy is based on a state law that prohibits the spending of public funds “for the purpose of performing or assisting an abortion not necessary to save the life of the mother.” State officials argued that their policy is reasonable because of the costs and security risks of transporting inmates outside for procedures the officials said are not medically necessary. The state estimated it would cost $350 plus fuel for two guards to accompany the woman on the 80-mile trip from her cell in Vandalia to a St. Louis clinic. “It is not the prison that has imposed the burden, but the prisoner’s violation of the law that resulted in her incarceration that has imposed the burden,” Attorney General Jay Nixon’s office argued. The woman’s attorney, James Felakos of the American Civil Liberties Union, said in court papers that the woman is running out of time because she is 16 weeks to 17 weeks pregnant, and Missouri bars abortions after 22 weeks. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! KANSAS CITY, Mo. – A federal judge ordered Missouri prison officials to drive a pregnant inmate to a clinic and let her get an abortion despite a state law that forbids the spending of tax dollars to facilitate an abortion. U.S. District Judge Dean Whipple ruled the prison system is blocking the woman from exercising her right to an abortion. He refused to stay the ruling, and ordered that the woman be taken to the clinic todaySaturday. An appeals court on Friday also refused to stay Whipple’s ruling. Late Friday, state officials appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. The woman, whose name was not disclosed in court papers, has said she will borrow money for the abortion from friends and family but cannot afford to pay for transportation. last_img read more

admin

Coral Islands Rise With Sea Level

first_imgWorries about sea-level rise inundating coral atolls and islands are unfounded, thanks to coral’s rapid response to change.A team of 5 geologists from Australia and New Zealand has good news: islands and coral atolls in the South Pacific are not at risk from sea level rise as much as earlier thought. Their paper in Geology, “Coral islands defy sea-level rise over the past century: Records from a central Pacific atoll,” shows from observations over a century that corals are able to respond rapidly to sea level fluctuations—on the order of decades or centuries, not millions of years.The geological stability and existence of low-lying atoll nations is threatened by sea-level rise and climate change. Funafuti Atoll, in the tropical Pacific Ocean, has experienced some of the highest rates of sea-level rise (∼5.1 ± 0.7 mm/yr), totaling ∼0.30 ± 0.04 m over the past 60 yr. We analyzed six time slices of shoreline position over the past 118 yr at 29 islands of Funafuti Atoll to determine their physical response to recent sea-level rise. Despite the magnitude of this rise, no islands have been lost, the majority have enlarged, and there has been a 7.3% increase in net island area over the past century (A.D. 1897–2013). There is no evidence of heightened erosion over the past half-century as sea-level rise accelerated. Reef islands in Funafuti continually adjust their size, shape, and position in response to variations in boundary conditions, including storms, sediment supply, as well as sea level.While this is good news for the islanders, it is bad news for alarmists:Results suggest a more optimistic prognosis for the habitability of atoll nations and demonstrate the importance of resolving recent rates and styles of island change to inform adaptation strategies.In other words, alarmists were misinformed.Phosphorus for UsAll life, including coral, requires phosphorus, but the “Phosphorus Cycle” has been poorly understood. How does this essential element cycle through land and sea? The ocean’s “hidden fertilizer” was investigated by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. Science Daily reports,Phosphorus is one of the most common substances on Earth. An essential nutrient for every living organism — humans require approximately 700 milligrams per day — we are rarely concerned about consuming enough of it because it is present in most of the foods we eat. Despite its ubiquity and living organisms’ utter dependence on it, we know surprisingly little about how it moves, or cycles, through the ocean environment.Taking samples of plankton from a boat in the Bermuda area, they found three new things. First, the phosphorus cycle is “much more complex than previously thought.” Second, they uncovered a “previously hidden role that some microbial communities play in using and breaking down forms of this essential element.” And third, “these results show for the first time that microbes are producing phosphonates in the ocean, and that it is happening very quickly.” The element must be made available in a form life can utilize. Microbes metabolize phosphorus into phosphonate, forming the basis of the marine food web.“Such work will help us further resolve the complexities of how this critical element is cycled in the ocean,” Dyhrman adds.“A reason to be excited about the findings of this elegant study is in the paper’s last sentence: ‘the environmental, ecological, and evolutionary controls . . . remain completely unknown.’ There’s still a lot we don’t know about the sea,” says Don Rice, program director in the National Science Foundation’s Division of Ocean Sciences, which funded the research.The phosphorus cycle joins the carbon cycle, water cycle, nitrogen cycle, ozone layer, and other global systems that keep our planet habitable. Environmental and ecological systems seem apparent, but whatever an “evolutionary control” might be is unclear.In Science Magazine, Claudia Benitez-Nelson describes the chemistry of the phosphorus cycle in more detail, noting that phosphonate, a reduced form of phosphorus, is energetically expensive. “Why organisms produce energetically expensive, reduced phosphorus compounds remains a mystery, particularly given that these compounds are subsequently released to surrounding waters,” she says. “…. the environmental factors that contribute to the production and release of reduced phosphorus compounds in surface waters remain unknown. Perhaps this redox cycling is related to the evolution of cyanobacteria and archaea more than 3 billion years ago.” That would be because “At that time, phosphorus concentrations in the oceans were very low because high concentrations of ferrous oxides scavenged and removed phosphorus preferentially from the surface ocean.” She says the new study might provide a “missing link in ocean phosphorus cycling” indicating that everything is in balance today. In short, the researchers found “a large, rapidly recycled pool of reduced phosphorus compounds that play a key role in ocean phosphorus biogeochemistry.” The original paper by Van Mooy et al. is in the same issue of Science Magazine, which states, “Overall, our study suggests that the production of phosphonates and/or phosphite contributes to a globally vast phosphorus redox cycle that exceeds the magnitude of phosphate inputs to the ocean.”There’s another piece of the puzzle: one of dozens of factors required for our privileged planet. It’s amazing that the phosphorus cycle involves chemistry, geology and biology working in concert to keep an essential nutrient in balance.As for sea level rise, we’re not saying that the “optimistic prognosis” for atoll nations applies to all shorelines, nor using this information as justification to ignore the impacts of a changing climate. That’s not the point of quoting this paper. There are two lessons here. (1) Modelers who simplistically thought that atolls would be inundated by rising sea levels underestimated the response of coral to “variations in boundary conditions” of all kinds. The islands actually grew and prospered in spite of predicted catastrophes. (2) Without access to the full paper, we’re not sure if they referred to Darwin’s theory about coral atolls. However, the rapid response of the islands to changes in just one century calls into question the assumption that long ages are required for coral island formation. Creation geologists may wish to investigate this paper in detail.Let’s also use this occasion on Memorial Day to honor the brave Americans who gave their lives in the South Pacific fighting nations that did not believe that we are endowed by our Creator with certain unalienable rights. We can never thank them enough for their service. (Visited 39 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

admin